Conference files suit against breakaway congregation which occupies building


By Heather Hahn
Ohio Chapel UMC in Grand Chain, Ill.GRAND CHAIN, Ill. (UMNS) -- The Illinois Great Rivers Conference filed a lawsuit Aug. 6 seeking to keep property now used by a breakaway congregation.

The lawsuit, filed in Illinois’ Pulaski County Circuit Court, asks for a permanent injunction that would bar the church from “occupying, possessing or otherwise exercising control over the real and personal property.”

Ohio Chapel Church in Grand Chain, Ill., formerly Ohio Chapel United Methodist Church, declared its independence from The United Methodist Church in March. The church told the conference it wanted to be “more self-governing,” said Paul Black, the conference’s director of communication ministries.

Neither the Rev. Tammy Horn, Ohio Chapel’s pastor, nor the congregation’s attorney immediately returned requests for comment from United Methodist News Service.

However, in an Aug. 8 news story, The Southern Illinoisian, based in Carbondale, reported, that Larry Badgley, chair of the trustees for Ohio Chapel, said the decision was due to The United Methodist Church sliding “way, way left” of Biblical beliefs. “We just simply need to be attending a church that believes the Bible. The Methodist Conference is not necessarily doing that at all.”

The news story went on to speculate that “at the heart of the matter was same-sex marriage, which the Ohio Chapel church, is opposed to. The original report claimed that the Conference would require the church to perform same-sex marriages according to an IGRC policy in light of the June 25 Supreme Court ruling.

Black contacted the newspaper seeking a correction to the information.  

“The Supreme Court ruling on same-sex marriage has no impact on The United Methodist Church’s position on homosexuality and same-sex marriage. The position of The United Methodist Church is that ‘homosexuality is incompatible with Christian teaching,’ a position the church has held since 1972. Further, The United Methodist Church prohibits pastors from performing same-sex marriages and prohibits churches from holding same-sex weddings,” Black said, providing the denomination’s full statements on the issue. “As part of The United Methodist Church connection, the Illinois Great Rivers Conference and its leadership support and enforce those positions. Only General Conference, which meets every four years, has the authority to change those positions of the church. They have not.

“The letter sent to Bishop Jonathan Keaton and District Superintendent Roger Russell in March from the congregation said ‘self-governance’ was the issue (i.e. being able to select their own pastor rather than the pastor being appointed by the bishop), which is not consistent with our polity. Homosexuality was mentioned, but it was not considered the major concern.”
The newspaper followed the original story with a clarification on Aug. 10.
The Illinois Great Rivers case follows a highly-publicized property settlement between the Eastern Pennsylvania Conference and a fast-growing church that left the denomination. In that case, Wesley Church of Quarryville, Pennsylvania, paid the conference $100,000 for the church buildings and land, along with an additional $58,000 in other conference obligations.

Role of trust clause

The church's bulletin board, where the words "United Methodist Church" have been removedOne difference between those two cases, Black said, is that conference leadership “believes there is still viable ministry to be done there (in Grand Chain) in the name of The United Methodist Church.”

Another difference is in application of The United Methodist Church’s trust clause, part of the Book of Discipline, the denomination’s law book.

The trust clause, which dates to 1797, states that local church properties are held “in trust” for the denomination, even if the church’s name is on the deed.

Black noted that in Eastern Pennsylvania, the departing congregation acknowledged “that the trust clause applied.”

The Illinois Great Rivers Conference’s suit asks the court to declare that all property used by Ohio Chapel is held under the trust clause. It also calls for the conference to receive an accounting of all assets held by Ohio Chapel.

Steve Lambert, general counsel for the denomination’s General Council on Finance and Administration, said rarely do trust clause disputes end in litigation. His legal services department provides counsel across the denomination.

He said the denomination’s trust clause has faced court challenges before, but with few exceptions, courts have upheld it for more than 100 years.  
Bishop Jonathan D. Keaton, who leads the Illinois Great Rivers Conference, is on rest and renewal leave and not available for comment.

Background on case

An inset into the 1965 sanctuary notes "Ohio Chapel Methodist Church"According to the Pulaski County history published in 1987, Ohio Chapel was organized in 1890 and held its first services in 1892. As of 2013, the church in far southern Illinois had 48 members and an average weekly attendance of 51.

In March, Ohio Chapel members sent a letter to the bishop and the Rev. Roger Russell, the Cache River District superintendent, saying the church wanted to leave The United Methodist Church and asking to be released from the trust clause.

“I thought that meant they were going to leave the denomination and relocate,” Russell said.

Horn, a part-time local pastor appointed to the Ohio Chapel for the past 11 years, notified Russell in April that she would discontinue her relationship with
The United Methodist Church on June 30. She remains with the Ohio Chapel congregation.

Russell said Horn and the congregation’s desire to leave took him somewhat by surprise.

The church’s March letter did mention the denomination’s ongoing debate regarding homosexuality as a source of concern. But Russell said congregants later told the bishop that this particular issue was not the main reason for leaving. “They wanted to choose their own pastor in the future,” Russell said.

The church and conference leadership had dialogue throughout the spring, but to no avail.

New pastor’s chilly reception

Rev. Alan MilliganMatters came to a head in July after the bishop appointed the Rev. Alan Milligan to serve as the congregation’s pastor. Milligan also serves as the conference’s evangelist and pastor of nearby Karnak and Olmstead United Methodist churches. The Karnak and Ohio Chapel congregations have jointly held vacation Bible school for years.

When Milligan arrived July 5 to lead worship, Ohio Chapel members met him in the parking lot and said he would not be allowed entry to conduct worship. Milligan then held a brief prayer service in the parking lot.

When Milligan returned the following Sunday, he was met this time by a Pulaski County deputy sheriff, who advised him that “no uninvited guests” would be permitted on the grounds of the church property. The deputy then said the congregation considered Milligan an uninvited guest.

Ever since, Milligan has held a prayer service in the cemetery across from the church with his wife and a few Karnak members in attendance. No member of Ohio Chapel has participated.

Milligan stressed that it’s a challenging situation. He regards Horn and others at the church as friends. Last week, members of Karnak and Ohio Chapel again joined together at Karnak’s facility to hold vacation Bible school for nearly 90 youngsters.

No one mentioned the dispute, he said. Milligan said his prayer is that what God wants happens, and that it happens quickly.

“When the dust is all settled,” he said, “we’re all going to have to live together down here.”
(Hahn is a multimedia news reporter for United Methodist News Service. Contact her at (615) 742-5470 or